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Pictured above; Peanuts in shell


Peanut (also called GROUNDNUT, EARTHNUT, OR GOOBER), common name for an annual warm-season plant of the legume family, that grow about 60 cm tall, and for its seeds. Peanuts originated in South America, probably in Brazil, and have been cultivated since ancient times by Native Americans. The peanut was at an early time introduced into the Old World tropics. India, China, West Africa, and the U.S. have become the largest commercial producers of peanuts.

Peanut growing requires at least five months of warm weather with rainfall (or irrigation equivalent) of 600 mm or more during the growing season. In Asia the peanut is grown under irrigation. The peanut is grown mainly for its edible oil, except in the U.S., where it is produced for grinding into peanut butter (half the harvested crop); for roasted, salted nuts; and for use in candy and bakery products. A small percentage of the U.S. crop is crushed for oil.

Peanuts are nutritious and high in energy protein and minerals. The seeds contain 40 to 50 percent oil and 20 to 30 percent protein, and they are an excellent source of B vitamins.

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Quick Facts
Chinese Chopsticks taper to a rounded end, Japanese taper to a pointed end and Korean taper to a blunted end.
Chopsticks are traditionally held in the right hand only, and in East Asia, as in Muslim nations, the left hand is used in the toilet.


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